Preschooler Chart of Cognitive Development
Roll Some Brain Breaks
Directions: Roll one die for each of the columns. Perform the quick brain break that matches the number you rolled on the die. For example, if you roll a 1-2-4-3-5 you would perform the following brain breaks: 10 jumping jacks, 5 wall push-ups, 10 Twists at the waist, 10 jumps over a pencil on the floor and 10 windmills.
Some children need extra activities that promote input to the proprioceptive system (body awareness), before entering into activities that require sitting, focus and working in groups.
Activities that promote focus for certain children.
- running around the play yard
- hanging from bars
- bouncing on and kicking balls
- digging in sand
- lifting heavy buckets
Visual pictures of these activities can be provided and serve as a reminder to the child of things to do to help them feel better and focus.
Self-regulate and encourage smooth transitions.
Print Posters and Hang them on the wall.
“Brain Breaks” The Learning Station Music
Sensory Strategies have many proven benefits for students including:
- Enhancing focus and concentration
- Comprehension and Memory
Preschooler Chart of Cognitive Development
|During 2nd Year of life||During 3rd Year of life||During 4th Year of life||During 5th year of Life|
|Demonstrates awareness of class routines||Holds pencil with a 3-finger grasp to draw||Matches like items based on appearance/function||Sorts items by appearance/function|
|Understands concept of one||Names action when looking a picture book||Repeats words that rhyme||Locates object of given number in group of 10|
|Demonstrates use of objects||Identifies and count quantities of one tow, three or four||Colors within the lines of circle||Matches groups having equal numbers of objects up to 10|
|Identifies clothing items for different occasions||Locates big and little objects in groups of 2||Sings and does actions with songs||Arranges objects in order of size from smallest to largest|
|Finds detail in favorite picture book||Points to the same item in two different settings||Locates which of out 5 objects does not belong in the same class/category||Matches identical letters/words in group of different letters/words|
|Recognizes familiar adult in photo||Repeats sequence by physical movements||Places 3 pictures in sequence||Imitates actions in the order told|
|Engages in simple make-believe activities||Names an item when shown parts||Points to pictures that represent sequence of events in a story||Prints own first name without a model|
|Knows facials and key body parts||Locates pictured analogy||Identifies own name when printed||Prints numbers and letters without model|
|Selects pictures involving action words||Sings parts and phrases of familiar songs||Identifies number symbols of 1-5||Identifies an object that does not belong to a group based on one or more characteristic|
|Obeys two-part commands||Identifies items based on appearance||Draws a triangle, imitating adult||Compares items by appearance|
|Understands complex/compound sentences||Identifies items based on category||Counts to 10 orally||Compares items by category|
|Gives one out of many||Identifies items based on function||Traces own name||Compares items by function|
|Matches shapes (triangle, circle, square)||Tells a word that associates with another word||Constructs set of objects||Answers literal comprehension questions about stories read|
|Matches colors (black/white)||Words in small group for 5-10 minutes||Locates first, middle and last in group of objects||Answers interpretive comprehension questions about stories read|
|Matches identical simple pictures of objects||Remains on task when distractions are present||Starts task with no reminding or prompting||Gives the function of an object|
|Understands many action verbs||Draws a square, imitating adult||Attends to task without supervision for 10 minutes||Names an object’s parts|
|Matches primary colors||Participates in singing songs with group||Selects an item based on appearance||Answers questions about a story|
|Matches similar pictures of objects||Uses a noun with article||Selects an item based on category||Responds verbally to questions|
|Sorts shapes-circle, triangle, square (toys)||Uses noun with possessive||Selects an item based on function||Uses compound sentences|
|Completes three-four-piece puzzle||Uses verb with noun||Selects an item that is different||Repeats story just heard maintaining original sequence|
|Identifies familiar objects by touch||Uses pronouns appropriately||Names categories of sorted objects||Chooses main ideas|
|Points to six body parts on a picture of a doll||Names common object and actions||Identifies and counts quantities of at least 6||Repeats poem just spoken|
|Sorts colors and points to several colors when named||Uses past tense by adding “ed” to verb||Places 4 pictures in sequence||Counts orally to 100|
|Repeats words and sounds||Asks questions using “is” or “Wh”||Sorts items by category||Reads and writes numerals to 49|
|Uses expressive vocabulary of 200+words||Points to or places an object in/out, under/over, top/bottom||Works in small group for 10-25 minutes||Locates day of week on calendar|
|Recites a few nursery rhymes||Uses verb with noun phrase||Draws recognizable face with eyes, nose, mouth||Describes parts of a tv show or movie|