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Little boy reading the book


Preschooler Chart of Cognitive Development

Roll Some Brain Breaks

Directions: Roll one die for each of the columns. Perform the quick brain break that matches the number you rolled on the die. For example, if you roll a 1-2-4-3-5 you would perform the following brain breaks: 10 jumping jacks, 5 wall push-ups, 10 Twists at the waist, 10 jumps over a pencil on the floor and 10 windmills.

Preschooler Chart of Cognitive Development

Sensory Development

Some children need extra activities that promote input to the proprioceptive system (body awareness), before entering into activities that require sitting, focus and working in groups.

Activities that promote focus for certain children.

  • running around the play yard
  • hanging from bars
  • bouncing on and kicking balls
  • digging in sand
  • lifting heavy buckets

Visual pictures of these activities can be provided and serve as a reminder to the child of things to do to help them feel better and focus.

Self-regulate and encourage smooth transitions.

Print Posters and Hang them on the wall.

“Brain Breaks” The Learning Station Music

Sensory Strategies have many proven benefits for students including:

  • Enhancing focus and concentration
  • Comprehension and Memory

Preschooler Chart of Cognitive Development

During 2nd Year of life During 3rd Year of life During 4th Year of life During 5th year of Life
Demonstrates awareness of class routines Holds pencil with a 3-finger grasp to draw Matches like items based on appearance/function Sorts items by appearance/function
Understands concept of one Names action when looking a picture book Repeats words that rhyme Locates object of given number in group of 10
Demonstrates use of objects Identifies and count quantities of one tow, three or four Colors within the lines of circle Matches groups having equal numbers of objects up to 10
Identifies clothing items for different occasions Locates big and little objects in groups of 2 Sings and does actions with songs Arranges objects in order of size from smallest to largest
Finds detail in favorite picture book Points to the same item in two different settings Locates which of out 5 objects does not belong in the same class/category Matches identical letters/words in group of different letters/words
Recognizes familiar adult in photo Repeats sequence by physical movements Places 3 pictures in sequence Imitates actions in the order told
Engages in simple make-believe activities Names an item when shown parts Points to pictures that represent sequence of events in a story Prints own first name without a model
Knows facials and key body parts Locates pictured analogy Identifies own name when printed Prints numbers and letters without model
Selects pictures involving action words Sings parts and phrases of familiar songs Identifies number symbols of 1-5 Identifies an object that does not belong to a group based on one or more characteristic
Obeys two-part commands Identifies items based on appearance Draws a triangle, imitating adult Compares items by appearance
Understands complex/compound sentences Identifies items based on category Counts to 10 orally Compares items by category
Gives one out of many Identifies items based on function Traces own name Compares items by function
Matches shapes (triangle, circle, square) Tells a word that associates with another word Constructs set of objects Answers literal comprehension questions about stories read
Matches colors (black/white) Words in small group for 5-10 minutes Locates first, middle and last in group of objects Answers interpretive comprehension questions about stories read
Matches identical simple pictures of objects Remains on task when distractions are present Starts task with no reminding or prompting Gives the function of an object
Understands many action verbs Draws a square, imitating adult Attends to task without supervision for 10 minutes Names an object’s parts
Matches primary colors Participates in singing songs with group Selects an item based on appearance Answers questions about a story
Matches similar pictures of objects Uses a noun with article Selects an item based on category Responds verbally to questions
Sorts shapes-circle, triangle, square (toys) Uses noun with possessive Selects an item based on function Uses compound sentences
Completes three-four-piece puzzle Uses verb with noun Selects an item that is different Repeats story just heard maintaining original sequence
Identifies familiar objects by touch Uses pronouns appropriately Names categories of sorted objects Chooses main ideas
Points to six body parts on a picture of a doll Names common object and actions Identifies and counts quantities of at least 6 Repeats poem just spoken
Sorts colors and points to several colors when named Uses past tense by adding “ed” to verb Places 4 pictures in sequence Counts orally to 100
Repeats words and sounds Asks questions using “is” or “Wh” Sorts items by category Reads and writes numerals to 49
Uses expressive vocabulary of 200+words Points to or places an object in/out, under/over, top/bottom Works in small group for 10-25 minutes Locates day of week on calendar
Recites a few nursery rhymes Uses verb with noun phrase Draws recognizable face with eyes, nose, mouth Describes parts of a tv show or movie